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BERBER HISTORY;

About Moroccan Berbers

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Believe it or not, Berber history dates back to prehistoric times! 


They’ve been around for at least 4,000 years or maybe more. 

Calling themselves Amazigh, the proud raiders, they fought against the Romans, Arab, and French invaders. Even though the Romans and others have tried to colonize the Berber people, they have managed to preserve their own language and culture and in reality were never beaten!


Berber language is primarily oral in nature, although they have had their own writing system for more than 2500 years. 

Sometimes hard to find, the writing can be seen catalogued in the small museums throughout the south. 


A light skinned people, they have been called by many names:

Libyans by the ancient Greeks, Numbians and Africans by the Romans, and Moors by medieval  Europe. In fact, it was the Arabs who came up with the Berber name. Islam came to the Berbers in the ninth and tenth centuries. Prior to then, most Berbers across Africa were Christian or Jewish. Two great Islamic Berber dynasties, Almoravids and Almohads, ruled large parts of Spain and northwest Africa. Their ancestors became the Almoravids and Almohads that built the mighty  Moorish empire that ruled Spain, Portugal and Northern African. 


Today, most of the twenty-seven million Moroccans are either Berbers, Arabs, or Moors(people of Berber/Arab decent). Their ancestors became the Almoravids and Almohads that built the mighty Moorish empire that ruled Spain, Portugal and Northern African. 


Most of today’s Berbers live in the mountains of Morocco. 

While the Arabs and Moors live in the cities, though it is very common these days to see Berbers running, owning and operating small shops and other commerce endeavors.


The west has characterized Berbers as nomads using camels to cross the Sahara desert. Most today are farmers of the mountains and valleys in Morocco. They were traders in the earlier days. Berber’s long recorded influence affected commerce by establishing trading routes between the West African and the Sub-Saharan region. They transported goods from beyond the Sahara desert to the Northern Moroccan cities. Merchants were considered in a higher class than the farmers, however, through history the roles have mostly been reversed.


Different tribes of Berbers inhabit different regions in Morocco.

Drawa Berbers are found in the Draa Valley. The Dades live in the North East, The Mesgita, Seddrat and Zeri tribes are along the rives of the North West. Moroccan Rif region is home to the Ghomara ... The Berber people are incredibly friendly and will offer to share a glass of  famous Moroccan mint tea or cook you a traditional Moroccan dish for your dinner! 


By Carole Morris, Morocco Enthusiast & Writer

Who Are The Berbers Of Morocco?